You Can Get Good Source Of Ideas About Auto Repair In The Article Below

Learning about auto repair may seem like a daunting endeavor if you do not sure how to begin. The tips presented below will give you get started. Keep reading to discover some auto repair tips. So, one thing that you will definitely need to do is purchase a really good leather conditioner for your car protection.

This shows that a mechanic has passed a special test for competence and has more than two years of experience. This tells you that the best mechanic is qualified to work on your automobile.

Get a good battery charger and be sure it is always in your car. Learn how to find the charger with ease.

Ask all the questions you have regarding your car when bringing it in to their shop. Preventing automotive issues is a valuable skill to save money annually.

If something is not clear, talk to the mechanic first. You do not want unpleasant surprises when you go to get the final bill.

Ask mechanics if they have done work on the same make and model of vehicle before. If they have worked on the same type vehicle you have, they will probably know what must be done to help your car work again.

Keep a record of every car is fixed or maintained. If your car ends up with more problems later on, it is useful to be able to give your mechanic all such records.

Test drive your car before paying the auto repair shop.

Be aware of unscrupulous mechanics who make unnecessary repairs to your vehicle. A good mechanic should let you know if they noticed parts that are starting to get worn down and will never perform work without your full approval. Never bring your car to someone who preforms unnecessary repairs.

Don’t leave valuables in your car when it’s being repaired.Mechanics may need to take these items out to do the work and they aren’t responsible if an item is damaged or missing.You want to remove items from your trunk.

The weight of a big key chain. If your key starts sticking, install new tumblers and use a lighter key chain.

You don’t need to visit the dealer in order to get your auto repairs done. There are several reputable technicians that may be closer in proximity to your house. Find someone who you are comfortable with and reliable.

Keep in mind that DIY auto repairs can be dangerous. Always have somebody nearby to help you just in case there is an emergency. Buy quality tools that will last and not break under pressure. This holds true particularly in the case of the tools needed for things such as tire changing tools. The jack you are working on the underside of the car. This is why it is wise for you to use quality hydraulic floor jacks and jack with stands.

Avoid diagnosing your own car problems yourself.What seems like something small may actually be quite complicated, especially in the newer electric cars and also the newer computerized vehicles. Let the diagnosing. Let them know what the problem is and the noises you hear, but let them be the ones to diagnose the issue.

Some untrustworthy shops replace your original tires. They sell your tires and make a profit off of those who do not know enough to check. Mark your tires before taking your car off. If the chalk isn’t present when you get the car, you have definitely been had.

If you need to have your car fixed, but are on a tight budget, then get in touch with your vocational school’s auto repair department. You will pay a very low rate for the repairs in return for allowing students fix your car while under the supervision of a licensed mechanic.

Don’t trust any parts that a part will last you a lifetime. This is a way to grab more money from you. One example is that some vehicles say their transmission fluid.While it’s not changed as much as typical fluid, you need to be sure it’s changed about every 80,000 miles.

Bleed your brakes before you take your work is done on a test drive. Test for any leaks to ensure that no fluid can run out. You should then be ready for test drive the car safely on low-traffic roads. Start slow to ensure that your repairs were successful.

AAA is a good company to look into when you’ve got auto repair issues. You are going to find discounts on an annual AAA membership if you shop around.

Do not add water in the windshield washer fluid. Water can clean your windshield, but since the system requires that specific fluid, but that compartment is designed only to hold a special kind of fluid. Check the compartment when you can to be sure that it gets refills when it needs to be refilled. Don’t insist if the compartment to empty before refilling.

Seek second opinions prior to committing to major repairs on your car. The mechanic may be offended or offer a special price to do repairs right away, but be suspicious of this.

Do not try to repair your car unless you have experience doing it. You could end up voiding your warranty otherwise. This makes you totally responsible for all of your future repairs yourself.

Rotating your tires regularly can prevent wear and tear on tires. You need to get the tires rotated about every 6000 miles, but it may depend on the model and make of the vehicle. Get new tires to avoid too much wear and tear too quickly.

Check the amps on your fuses before attempting to replace a dead fuse. You need to remember to get fuses replaced with ones that has the same amperage. If your fuses should be replaced often, there might be something wrong with the electric systems in your car.

You have to know what your mechanic will do before you say yes to it. Ask him how much that will be.

Learning about the warning signs of impending car problems can save you money. This and the other tips can help you learn all about simple auto repair. Remember what you have learned here the next time your car starts having problems. Any good source of car leather protection, click here.

Risk Control Hierarchy Refines Electrical Safety

In the late 1880s, a young boy was electrocuted when he accidentally touched an unlabeled, energized telegraph wire. That incident ignited an inventor by the name of Harold Pitney Brown to make an impassioned plea in a New York Post editorial to limit telegraph transmissions to what he considered a safer level of 300 Volts. If you would like to make a booking with our electrician Brisbane Southside go to

Perhaps Harold thought that limiting electrical transmissions to levels of 300 Volts or less would provide instant electrical safety. With over 120 years of hindsight, we view things much differently today. Yet, Harold stumbled across two important concepts. The notion of “300 Volts” is a technical discussion about the laws of electrical energy (Ohm’s Law, etc) that lends understanding to how electrical energy can kill or maim. On the other hand, the term “safe” reflects a working knowledge of the fundamental principles of safety. Our challenge is to combine our technical understanding of electricity with the principles of safety to ensure electrical safety is both practical and effective. The better we understand both concepts the greater the likelihood we will have to improve the status quo. The Risk Control Hierarchy (RCH) does an excellent job in blending these two key concepts.

Risk Control Hierarchy

The heartbeat of safety is the Risk Control Hierarchy (RCH), which is found in Appendix G of the ANSI Z10 Standard. The RCH helps us prioritize safety initiatives from least effective to most effective. For example, will you be safer wearing a helmet while riding a motorcycle or by selling it altogether? Obviously, selling the motorcycle eliminates the risk of an accident, while wearing a helmet offers protection to your head from the risk of a head injury during an accident. The RCH works by helping us rank risk reduction measures from most effective to least effective as per below:

1.) Eliminating the risk.
2.) Substituting a lesser risk.
3.) Engineering around risk.
4.) Awareness of every risk.
5.) Administrate and regulate behavior around risk.
6.) Protect workers while exposed to risk.

Note that each step above is equally important, yet not equally effective in protecting workers. Eliminating a risk is the most effective way to keep workers safe while protection from a risk by using Personal Protection Equipment (PPE) is least effective. There have been great improvements in the design of PPE, but its primary purpose is keeping workers alive – not 100% safe.

Safety and Risk

Risk, which is defined as exposure to a hazard, is two-pronged. There is the probability of exposure and severity of potential injury. For example, a 120V outlet is a greater risk than a 13.8KV switchgear line-up because more people are exposed to the 120V outlet. Since risk is exposure to hazards, then safety is the reduction and management of risk. The management responsibility of an electrical safety program typically falls to an electrical engineer because he or she understands electricity. In our modern world we can never eliminate the risk, but are very good at finding new ways to reduce risk.

Another way to look at risk is the chart (Figure 2) developed by Ray Jones which shows the relationship between the worker and the safety infrastructure above him. A worker performing tasks must make many complex and specific the decisions that affect his safety. In the case of electrical safety, energy isolation is very personal for electricians facing deadly electrical energy every time they open a panel. By the time they touch electricity, it’s too late.

Zero Energy Verification–Is There Voltage?

Electrical accidents are impossible without electrical energy. If an electrician comes into direct contact with electrical energy, there is a 5% fatality rate. Shocks and burns comprise the remaining 95%. The NFPA 70e is very specific on how to isolate electrical energy. First, all voltage sources must be located and labeled. Multiple voltage sources are commonplace today due to the proliferation of back-up generators and UPS’s. Next, voltage testing devices must be validated using the LIVE-DEAD-LIVE procedure. Additionally, the voltage tester must also physically contact the voltage and must verify each phase voltage to ground.

The RCH and Electrical Safety

How does the RCH apply to electrical safety?
1. Elimination -Removing all electrical energy exposure.
2. Substitution -Lowering the electrical energy exposure.
3. Engineering Controls -Reinventing ways to control electrical energy exposure.
4. Awareness -Revealing and labeling all sources of electrical energy.
5. Administrative Controls -Regulations that teach personnel safety around electrical energy.
6. Personal Protection -Reducing risks of working on live voltage.

Electrical workers are exposed to the greatest risks at the lower levels of the RCH. Recognizing that these ‘residual risks’ are present; the NFPA 70e tells workers how to perform their work safely in spite of these risks. In fact a large portion of the NFPA 70e details how to best manage these risks through Awareness, Administration, and Personal Protection. On the other hand, the greatest opportunity for risk reduction comes by focusing in the upper part of the RCH. Huge improvements in electrical safety will come by Eliminating Substituting, and Engineering solutions that manage electrical energy exposure.
The Department of Energy (DOE)

For better insight into the RCH process, let’s look at a 2005 Department of Energy report on their electrical safety record. This report cited six reasons for their 14.1 electrical incidents per month.
Within this DOE report, “hazard identification” [Table 1] stood out as an administrative control issue resulting in numerous electrical incidents. The solution was to get tougher administrators or look for improvements higher up in the RCH. Right above Administrative Controls (see Figure 1) we learn that increasing employee’s awareness of electrical hazards will reduce these types of incidents. A potential solution is to label and mark all voltage sources (hazards) feeding the electrical system. Voltage indicators and voltage portals wired to each voltage source provides two benefits: It identifies the voltage source and provides a means to check the status of that voltage source without exposure to voltage. Apply the same process to “LO/TO violations”.


ADMINISTRATIVE Properly administrating NFPA 70e requires all electrical enclosures to have warning labels with incident energy level (calories). AWARENESS /ELIMINATION Marking all energy sources on the panel exterior provides personnel with simple yet safe hazard identification.

LO/TO violations including shortcuts or lack of energy verification

ADMINISTRATIVE Can the LO/TO procedure be rewritten to reduce exposure to voltage?

ELIMINATION /SUBSTITUTION Thru-door voltage pre-checking ‘eliminates’ all exposure to voltage for mechanical LO/TO* and provide significant risk reduction for Electrical LO/TO.

Reducing electrical energy to Cat 0/1 will greatly reduce the potential arc flash energy SUBSTITUTION Lowering the arc flash energy effectively ‘substitutes’ for a lower risk for a higher risk.

Elimination: The Hall of Fame of Safety

We can enter the Electrical Safety Hall of Fame by finding ways to eliminate voltage exposure. Here are a few practical examples that can be implemented today:
o Mechanical Lock-out Tag-out [LOTO]: LOTO procedures requiring electricians to verify zero energy before performing mechanical maintenance needlessly exposes workers to voltage. Since all voltages do not create mechanical motion, through-door voltage checking devices as part of a mechanical LOTO procedure will eliminate voltage exposure (see Appendix B).
o Why open a control panel? What maintenance functions can be moved to the outside of the panel? Thru-door data access ports are becoming commonplace because they allow programming with the panel door closed (Figure 3). A more recent example is an unmanaged Ethernet switch mounted outside the panel. This unique device allows full through-door access for a worker to troubleshoot and reset the Ethernet switch (Figure 4). What other devices can be re-engineered around through-door electrical safety? Perhaps putting certain branch circuit breakers on the outside of the panel is a good application?
o Control Panel Design: Provide a physical separation between the power and control compartments within an enclosure may become a standard. Voltages under 50 volts are considered safe, so reducing the control power to 24VDC makes the control power section safe to work on while it is energized.
These above examples are only ‘scratching the surface’, so I challenge you to find ways to eliminate voltage exposure.


When safety works perfectly, nothing happens! When there is an incident or a close call the RCH should be an inspiration to find a better way. By applying the RCH principles to electrical safety risks, it will open our eyes to see more practical ways to reduce those risks. Perhaps, we would expend more resources finding electrical safety solutions that will provide both higher safety and productivity dividends.

Harold Pitney Brown intuitively knew that eliminating risks would save lives. He just got one detail wrong when he thought that 300 Volts was not a risk. Now for the rest of the story: To prove that AC voltage is more lethal than DC, Thomas Edison hired Harold Pitney Brown to develop the first electric chair that executed William Kemmler on August 6, 1890. For electrical safety of your home, click here.

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Effective Search Engine Optimization Techniques To Improve Your Serp Rank

All site owners want to realize success on some level. SEO consultant Sydney can help you achieve your profits and visibility. But this type of success doesn’t happen without first understanding how SEO works. Use this article to help you with your SEO tips.

Use header tags to your website. If you need to, use CSS to make them shorter. Headers work to your advantage because a search engine checks this before ranking process.

Using product feeds can really help draw traffic and business to your site. Feeds can contain information about your business such as prices, descriptions and prices.Submit them to sites for shoppers as well as to search engines.

Don’t try using Flash on your website if you want it to be search engine friendly. Flash can not be read by the spiders and text used in flash won’t be indexed. You will need to have content both crawlable and visible at all times.

A key to search engine results is to include a site map. Spiders will have an easier time crawling your site through a site map. A big site might require more than 1 site map. A good rule to go by is to show only 100 links on each site map.

Add a site map if you want to get more visitors. A site map is beneficial in ensuring that all the individual pages on your website.

Blogging increases your own website will increase traffic because it will be more visible to search engine results.This can also increase your site.

A site map which has your keywords. Site maps are great ways for both search engine optimization.

Keep your site focused on a dozen keywords or phrases that really capture the essence of what your site is about. Use analytical tools to figure out which keywords will bring you the most traffic.

Use online ads through sites such as adwords or adbrite. DIY SEO might not always produce the jump in rankings you want.These types of advertisers specialize in increasing your hits. Using these advertising products from a top engine like Google could brings great traffic to your site.

SEO is how you can get more people to your customers find you.Many business to not take this really is.

You can give your SEO a good boost by using off-site linking to reputable websites. This is a credible source of information. Search engines like to see relevant off-site links more than internal links to your own pages. To maximize your rank, find linking options that will also link to your website.

Join the local Chamber of Commerce and Better Business Bureau for better search engine ranking. This assists with local searches because it is usually linked to you.

Make sure to write for human readers when doing your content is easy to read and understand. While you will need to include important keywords that the bots are looking for, understand that the bots are not making purchases from you, so you can optimize the content afterwards. You will want to be able to easily read your site. You will fail if it is not.

You need to get with a service that doesn’t block your domain ownership information. Google may see this as questionable and won’t even rank your site.

A good way to give your website a higher search engine ranking is to get a second hand domain name. Search engines give more weight to domain names that have been registered for longer than two years.

Search engines will lower your page rankings if you are found to be manipulating the rating system to artificially achieve top search engine optimization tactics. Be advised and ethically hone your search engine rankings.

Search engine optimization — or SEO — is simply a core online marketing concept. You simply use key words or phrases in your content to raise your search engine rankings. This helps to connect search engine users with the visibility of your site.

Make sure to configure your server so that it’s case-sensitive for URLS.

You can get many more links that lead to your site by making comments on relevant blogs.If you put a good and meaningful comment on a blog, most blog owners will allow you to leave your link in the comment. You should not leave your link on blogs that have nothing to do with the content of your site, not throw people off. You will find it easy to spread around comments and links on blogs where you’re familiar with the subject.

Sign your website up to as many search engines to boost its visibility and recognition. You will find the link to access this on the page of each search engine’s page. Use a solid description and keywords so you site properly categorized.

Include many keyword phrases throughout your site. This means you to maximize your domain now. Your site should ideally trail back to whatever keyword you want to be searched.

There are some tricks that can do to ensure your site is search engine friendly. Keep in mind that you need to please both your visitors and search engine crawlers. Your text should be easy to read with standard-size fonts that are easy on everyone’s eyes. These are simple principles that can make your site on the right path.

Search engine optimization encompasses many things. You will quickly find that there are many steps to SEO to help improve your search engine rankings. Try using these tips to begin properly in search engine optimization. Click here if we want to check your keyword rankings.

How to Design Engaging Presentations

The lights are dimmed. The auditorium is full. The big screen is filled with bright colors. Then here it comes, the never-ending list of bullet points, which the presenter is reading to you one-by-one. And you? Your eyes are feeling heavy. Your head is dropping slowly, but then jolts up like a yo-yo! Oh, the guilt and shame we feel for falling asleep on what could have been an awesome presentation. We’ve all been there. Once you see the first array of bullets hit the screen, you sink into your seat and brace yourself for a brain-numbing ride. Or maybe this is sounding too familiar. Maybe YOU were the presenter! Queue the dark organ music! Storyboard artists need skills in storytelling and possibly a good background in acting.

But that doesn’t have to be you! Last year, a good friend recommended a book called “Presentation Zen: Simple Ideas on Presentation Design and Delivery” by Garr Reynolds. It’s an easy read and it absolutely revolutionized the way I think about presentations, and subsequently design presentations. An engaging presentation is truly an art that requires the right mix of slides with the right presenter. Here are six tips on presentation design that I learned from the book and have put into practice. If you think these tips are helpful, I encourage you to buy the book. It will go deeper into delivery techniques and in-depth design strategies complete with before and after slides. You can get it on Amazon for about $20.

Tip 1: One point, one slide
A single slide shouldn’t carry the weight of the world. You should be able to make your point in about 6 words and perhaps a strong visual. If the visual is strong enough, there is no need for words. And to prevent the scenario in paragraph one of this how-to, don’t write your narrative on the screen…that’s what you are for. Remember that people can’t read and listen at the same time so don’t create an environment that challenges them to do so. If you do need to have more text on a slide, use the 1-7-7 Rule:

Have only one main idea per slide.
Insert only seven lines of text maximum.
Use only seven words per line maximum.

Tip 2: Create a handout
Now that you are down to one point per slide, you are probably wondering how your audience is going to know all there is to know about your topic. Enter the handout. This handout will not be a 3-up or 6-up handout that is generated in PowerPoint. It is a narrative document that contains all of the key facts and figures that you discuss during your presentation. This will allow your audience to pay attention to you and not scramble to take notes that they probably won’t be able to read once they get back to their office.

Tip 3: Go big on imagery
Don’t be afraid to flood the entire page with a single image. It provides depth and visual interest. This will also force you to stick to one point per slide. And each slide doesn’t need to have the same header and footer on every page during a live presentation. This is a presentation after all, not a document. For those of you who are guilty of using PowerPoint Presentations as corporate documents, maybe the next how-to I write will be on designing electronic business documents. Hint: If you’re slide presentation has a lot of content that requires multiple paragraphs and several bullet points, you should probably use a word processor. This’ll ensure that your reader will understand the content, without the presenter being present.

Tip 4: Simplicity is king
The great Leonardo da Vinci said: “Simplicity is the ultimate sophistication.” Think of creative ways to display your charts to help clarify the point, but keep it simple. You don’t need background image fills with a 3-D pie chart fading into the horizon line. A simple flat pie chart can often do the trick. And don’t be afraid of “white space.” Just because you have a lot of space on your slide doesn’t mean that it all has to be used.

Tip 5: You are the main attraction
The center of attention should be the presenter. Be humorous and entertaining. The slides are meant to support what you are saying, and not the other way around. You are the star of the show! You know that you have a powerful and engaging presentation if you can hold your audiences’ attention without slides. If not, you may want to re-plan your presentation. Which leads me to the last tip.

Tip 6: Plan your presentation
People like stories and have learned from parables for centuries. People need to understand facts and figures in context of the larger story. Take some time to plan and prepare your story. Consider using a storyboard to help you lay out the visual idea and key message. I’ve created a simple storyboard for you to print out and write on.

There is much more to say about presentation design, but not enough time to say it in this how-to guide. If you have any questions or would like me to take a look at your presentation, don’t hesitate to send me an email at [email protected]

Buy the Book: “Presentation Zen” on Amazon


Shala W. Graham is the Principal and Creative Director of SW Creatives, LLC. Her strength of character and creative talent has always produced pleasing results, personally and professionally. She specializes in both graphic design and web design. For years, efficient and effective has been her work motto.

SW Creatives is a total solutions communications design firm that offers a broad range of web, print and branding solutions for start-ups to Fortune 500 companies. Founded in 2005 on the Christian principles of integrity and honesty, the minority- and woman-owned firm is based in the Washington, DC area. Through smart strategy, original ideas and spirited collaboration, SW Creatives’ team of experts helps clients develop communications that click with customers. For additional information, visit or call (301) 891-0111. Click here an be a part of our team.

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How Much Does Auto Painting Cost?

Professionals generally use paint spray guns to evenly apply automotive paint. It is important that the colors are properly mixed and applied smoothly, and in layers; an auto paint job can include 12-24 coats of paint, or more. To better understand the process of how paint protection is applied onto the car just consult our paint protection Adelaide.

Typical costs:

  • Some shops offer a paint job for about $300-$900. In this price range, a shop typically uses an inexpensive synthetic enamel paint with a minimum number of coats; they might not paint areas like the door jams or inside the hood; and, in some cases, they may simply mask off rather than take off removable trim and parts (which can result in harsh masking edges or paint in unwanted areas). CostHelper readers report paying $400-$875 for a basic auto paint job at an average price of $566; about a third of these readers say they are unhappy with the results.
  • Expect to pay $1,000-$3,500 for a more thorough paint job using higher-quality, brand-name paint, with costs varying depending on the make, model and condition of the vehicle (the amount of rust and number of dents or scratches), and whether any interior or engine-area painting is included. In this price range, the process typically includes additional prep work (sanding, removing rust spots and dents) and ends with three to five applications of clear coat car paint[1] to protect the base paint color and to create a smooth, glossy final look. CostHelper readers report paying $1,000-$1,800 for a mid-quality paint job, at an average cost of $1,316; most are happy with the results.
  • A showroom-quality custom or specialty auto paint job can cost $2,500-$20,000 or more, depending on the make, model and condition of the vehicle, the location, and what is included. This typically includes the highest quality automotive paint (some of which can cost hundreds of dollars a quart); sanding the vehicle down to bare metal, removing any dents, and applying 20-24 layers of paint, including six to eight applications of clear coat; and high-end options such as details by an air brush artist or a two-tone metallic paint job. The process can take up to a month or longer. CostHelper Readers report spending $2,400-$7,500 for high-quality auto painting, with an average cost of $4,975; all report they are satisfied with the final results.

What should be included:

Before painting, the surface of the vehicle should be cleaned, sanded and primed. Professional auto painting is typically done in a well-lit (and sometimes climate-controlled) paint booth, to minimize dust and debris that might mar the paint finish. Precision Restorations in Saint Louis, MO, provides a video demonstration of auto painting techniques[2] in a paint booth inside an auto body repair shop.
Warranties can vary from six months to a year on low-cost paint jobs with basic paint, to five years or a lifetime warranty for custom paint jobs with high-end materials. The warranty terms will vary depending on the shop and the materials used; always ask what is covered.


  • Auto paint shops may periodically offer discounts of $50-$150 or more. For example, One Day Paint posts its monthly discounts online.
  • Some consumers save up to $200-$300 or more by doing the prep work themselves — sanding the vehicle, and removing or masking the parts that aren’t going to be painted. has a photo gallery illustrating the steps to prepare a vehicle for painting.
  • Do-it-yourself auto painting is possible, but it can be time-consuming and exacting work. Supplies can cost $100-$1,500, depending on the quality of paint ($100-$1,000) and the need to purchase tools like an automotive paint sprayer ($40-$600) or sander and sandpaper ($40-$250). Mopar Muscle Magazine explains how to paint a car.

Shopping for auto painting:

Auto painting is typically done by shops specializing in auto painting and body work. Many are small, local businesses, although there are regional chains like 1 Day Paint & Body Centers[6] (in California, Nevada and New Mexico), and Maaco Collision Repair & Auto Paint[7] is a national chain of locally-owned franchises (policies and procedures vary between franchise owners). Always check for any complaints filed with the Better Business Bureau[8] for a specific shop or franchise location.
Before selecting a shop, look at recently painted cars in its parking lot, to see the quality of work done; ask which level of work was done on each vehicle. lists tips for finding an auto paint shop. Keep your car paint neat with our car paint cleaner, know more by clicking here.

How to Create a Documentary With Public Domain Images and Film Clips

People are fascinated by history documentaries – stories of wars, biographies of important historical figures, everyday life in well known cities, evolution of technology and many other aspects of our rich collective history. This fascination is evident by all the channels on television devoted to this sort of material including The History Channel, The Military Channel and many others. Storyboard artist work with directors to visually interpret TV, advert or film scripts.

And if you watch the documentaries with a critical eye (as opposed to a “be entertained” eye), you will begin to see how they are developed. You will see the way they handle scene transitions, working with still images as well as film clips, how the commentary and the images are weaved together to tell a compelling story. And if you watch enough of them, you would be able to fully extract the formula for creating your own documentary.

And thanks to the deluge of public domain film and photographic material that is now available digitally at no to low cost, acquiring all the pieces for a first rate documentary can be done on anyone’s budget.

It all starts with an idea for a topic.

From this topic, you would next create an outline of the project. This would be done with a storyline or storyboard – basically a sketch of the elements of the documentary and the order in which they would be presented. This storyboard can be created on paper – as was common in times past – or with software. A search on your favorite search engine on the phrase “storyboarding software” will return several packages that can help you with this process. What is nice about the software is that it is easy to rearrange the story pieces as often as you wish to make the story line perfect. (When working with paper, this process is more difficult but can be overcome by working with 3×5 index cards and rearranging them as needed.)

Once the storyboard is complete, the next step is to write your script. The length of the script will be determined by the desired length of the documentary and the speed that the voice talent speaks. If you wish a 60 minute documentary and the voice talent speaks about 150 words a minute, you will need a script that is approximately 9,000 words in length.

One additional note about writing the script that needs to be emphasized is to tone of the reading. You will be handing your script to your voice talent for him or her to record and that talent will need to know what type of tone to use throughout the script. Just like a movie script, there need to be markouts in each section to describe the mood that should be expressed by the voice talent. If you don’t do this, you will most likely end up with a boring monologue that will doom your documentary.

Once you have completed the writing of the script and its markouts, it is time to work with the voice talent to record the script and digitize it for later importation into your video editing program. At this time, you can review the audio of the script and make edits, re-record sections that don’t seem to convey the proper mood, etc.

Now that you know the mechanical requirements of the script, you will link your script to the storyboard by mapping out the start points in each storyboard segment with the equivalent start point in the script. What this does is assign a certain number of words to each storyboard segment (which defines its length.) This will help you determine the approximate amount of visual material you need for each segment.

After the storyboard and script are lined up, it is time to gather the visual materials for each segment and to start laying out everything in your video editing software. This is the part that requires the biggest time investment as you will be working to be sure the length of each segment matches the appropriate ending point for that segment in the audio rendering of the script. You will also need to ensure that all the transitions of material within each segment and between segments is smooth. It takes time and patience but the effort expended here will be the difference between something that is unwatchable and a stellar documentary. Also, at this time you will probably discover that you need to replace some of the voice recordings as they may not convey the exact mood you were looking for as you review the pieces. Just record those segments again and keep iterating back and forth until you get the finished product.

Depending on your specific skills and your ready access to the visual materials and voice talents, you could create your very first documentary in a very short period of time. It really is a very exciting process and a great way to put your mark on a fascinating historic event. And who knows, it might even be good enough to sell to The History Channel. Get ready to become an story artist, most of the film industries need it, click here to learn more.

Are you a fan of the American Civil War?

Do you love reading about its history?

If that describes you, you need to check out The Civil War Omnibus – the most comprehensive digital collection of Civil War works available. The Civil War Omnibus represents 100s of key and hard to find references to the Civil War for any fan of the war.

Satisfy your history bug. We offer 100s of historical collections at The Historical Archive. Check out our entire collection of historical CDs and DVDs at

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Our Best Outdoor Catering, BBQ Catering, and Picnic Catering

No issue just how classy an interior function space is, in some cases utilizing the exact same facilities once more and once again on every occasion may be disinteresting. Indoor places utilize artificial illumination as well as venting, whether it is a lunch time gathering or a night time soiree. To include a fresh standpoint to your following party, attempt doing it al fresco. Or (to be much more exact) hold your next household gathering, business operation, or whatever festivity looming on the limit, picnic-style. We have Christmas party ideas to ensure your guests are extra jolly during the most wonderful time of the year.

If you believe barbecues are also casual for your function, assume once again: a picnic, by meaning, is an outside occasion where dishes are eaten. It doesn’t matter if your place is as quaint as the yard lawn or as glamorous as the sprawling grounds of a large manor estate, white-gloved catering and all. Barbecues are advised matched in the course of the summer season, when it is sunny outdoors. The stuffy climate may be an incentive to take dishes in the convenience of a breezy location under the sunlight, preferably a picturesque spot to add a point of passion to the event.

What events, and how barbecues can easily include zest to these events, are reviewed under:

Birthday bashes or Anniversaries

These are, without a doubt, the occasions most excellent for a picnic system. Since these are frequently intimate events among close friends and loved one, a barbecue with possibly a barbeque cookout and outside video games will definitely captivate for hrs on end. A party of this style may quickly be held in the lawn; the laid-back environment of the occasion pairs well with the informal configuration, without the necessity to make a “statement” for the guests.

Business Functions

This is a bit a lot more tough to establish due to the fact that of the more significant amount of participants to fit, as well as being a level more official than, point out, a birthday celebration, for instance. Events are supposed to be enjoyment events; nonetheless superior-subordinate and also collegial connections are still crucial points to be sustained. Therefore, a much larger location would certainly be suitable, like a recreation area or public garden. If appealing views is a slight factor to consider, or if the business has budget restrictions, at that point the outdoor parking lot would certainly be the following finest point. It’s in fact a smart way to bring typically swamped experts collectively, to discuss some things besides the store.

Marriage ceremonies

A marriage ceremony is the event wherein 2 individuals are signed up with as partners for life, which union is venerated in a ceremony. As a result, marriage ceremonies are almost always formal occasions where people are called for to obtain dressy. To match the celebration, a bit of sophistication should exist in a wedding event picnic. As an alternative of a cookout, a respectable caterer might be preferable for the operation. Tables, covered in de rigeur tablecloth ought to seat visitors conveniently, also for something held outdoors. Generally, it’s simply taking the whole entire entourage to eat outdoors as an alternative of in a hotel ballroom or additional costly function room. To conserve the beauty of the occasion, it should be held in a location with a view to attractive views. Here the lakeside with a pavilion close at hand (for the standard after-wedding dances) would definitely suit completely. Some engaged few, though, may alternatively utilize an oceanfront setting up in the afternoon: the sunset will definitely make an exceptional charming background to the barbecue.

Industry Trips

College events outdoors are typically journeys to the zoo or the neighborhood park, and obviously a cookout is following to impossible here due to the itinerant attributes of the task. A barbecue right here is for that reason a short stay at an interesting outside destination, where the children as well as chaperones sit down to consume their pack lunches, or purchase from meals merchants discovered in such places.

No one ever pointed out that barbecues are to be organized days in advance, so any type of family members may take place a barbecue, depending on the caprices of the second. One simply takes his or her plate and heads off to the garden or garden. Whatever the affair, a picnic will add a whole brand-new dimension of entertainment to any type of event. Click here to organized your own bbq party in your home.

Ceramic Pro Sport is Effective Car Paint Protection

Car paint protection Sydney is necessary in restoring your automobile paint to its past magnificence. It additionally secures it so you automobile has great appearance for years to come. Numerous auto treatment products already existing in the marketplace today and all of them claim to offer protection to your vehicle paint. But the honest truth is that not all of these products coincide, similarly not all vehicles are comparable. While every auto could generally acquire you from factor X to Y, there is still a huge distinction between vehicle designs. The same puts on auto wax, paint protection and polishes. Every one of these products give certain quantity of shine, yet that is as comparable as they could obtain.

In this blog post, we enlighten you, whether you are a new automobile proprietor or a not-so-new one, on the crucial facts concerning paint protection products that are readily available in the marketplace. This way, we believe you could make the best choice when selecting the very best defense for your beloved auto.

Are all car paint protection items the same?

Of course they are not. There are many sorts of paint protection products and they have differing high quality and price. When acquiring car paint protection Melbourne folks need to not make the blunder of basing their decision completely on the price of that protection item. Instead, your choice on the sort of security you decide on must be informed by what it is that you want to attain. A product that provides defense against UV rays, bird falling road salt, acid rain and bug deposit all rolled into one is definitely a lot more costly than a product that only gives temporary luster.

Another ordeal is that various products supply varying levels of shine. If you want to purchase a product that provides you a much longer shine yet requires much less maintenance, be readied to pay a few extra dollars for it. Bulk of protectants that are readily available presently provide only restricted amount of defense versus the components discussed over. Many of them do not provide long lasting sparkle and need reapplication. It is extremely crucial that you be mindful of what you pick for your car.

Can car paint protection help keep your vehicle s worth as well as resale value?

The paint work and look of an automobile will certainly assist in keeping not just its worth however likewise resale worth. A vehicle that is well maintained with a mirror finish paint, has an improved resale worth. It also saves you money and time now. With a good paint protection, a great deal of time is saved on washing it given that grime and gunk are quickly gotten rid of. It succeeded t call for waxing to maintain its look.

Just what are several of the things you can expect from an excellent car paint protection?

One of the major benefits of car paint protection is that it adds genuine value to the motor vehicle. A proper paint protection application can offer your vehicle incredible glass shine in addition to preserve its value. For these reasons, people are typically prepared to component with $1000 simply to get excellent paint protection. When done appropriately, there will be much less shaving and the cleaning will certainly be a lot easier in situation your auto get grimy and needs to be washed. This means more cost savings in future.

Can your vehicle s paintwork be ruined by merely bird going down?

The answer is yes. Opportunities that your vehicle is obtaining harmed daily without you most likely noticing are quite real. Lots of people simply believe that the best hazard to their automobile s paintwork is UV rays. While this holds true, the damages comes after a number of years. Bird droppings are nevertheless more instant hazard. They create harm in simply a matter of days.

Bird droppings, as you being aware, are the product of a bird s digestion device. Without going excessive into biology, droppings can have higher degrees of acids which could damage the paintwork.

Many people are surprised by the amount of damages that can arise from a bird dropping. While it could go unnoticed to an inexperienced eye, an expert which understands what he desires in vehicle will effortlessly see it.

Is automobile polishing the very best remedy?

Although car waxing is understood to provide immediate shine, it is not the best solution. The factor it is called wax is due to the fact that it is made of wax. And as you understand, wax will thaw when exposed to heat. When polished paint is used on your auto, it ends up being soft when exposed to heat. This releases luster as well as makes your vehicle much more at risk to alluring impurities. It is remarkable for program cars because these do not rest in the sun for a whole day each day.

By its very nature, wax hardly ever sticks to the car area. In fact, wax can not stick well to any kind of area. Simply try sticking wax to any area and you will certainly see this. Similarly, wax at some point washes off of your vehicle, which will leave your car with much less or no security at all.

What are the various other things that you need to find out about car paint protection?

The have to appropriately look after your car, that is, outlining and cleaning, could not be overemphasised. Picking reputable vehicle clean electrical outlets and detailers is not just imperative however also safeguards your car from harm. Simply put, deal with the paintwork of your vehicle similarly you would look after your skin. Anything that gained t damages your skin gained t harm your auto s paintwork.

One more crucial ordeal is a top quality automobile hair shampoo. This minimises surface area scratching that results from friction when the car is being cleaned. You likewise need a soft pile clean mitt or sponge and it need to be of high quality. If you really want a streak-free drying, you have no choice yet to demand a terry towel or a leather chamois to dry your auto.


Just like anything else, you just obtain what you have paid for with car paint protection. As a result, it is very important to decide on the best location to clean or information your auto. This need to be directed by the span of time it requires to clean your car securely and properly. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about car paint protection.

The Finest Auto Repair Tips On The Web

Learning what you can about auto repair may seem like a lot of work, but you can make it simpler. Learning more about auto repair is a lot. Keep reading to learn how to fix your vehicle yourself instead of money at the expensive mechanic. Leather Protector is an easy-to-apply waterproof treatment designed to soften and protect oiled and waxed leathers without compromising breath ability.

Get a reliable battery charger to keep in your vehicle. Learn how to connect your car to the points where the battery charger connects.

You must wash your car often to avoid rust. Cars are all destined to rust, but you can put off the process by washing off chemicals or salt quickly. Use a good wax for protecting paint jobs as much as possible.

Make sure to have all repair records are kept close. You may want these with you when you go to get repairs done; a great place to store them is the glove compartment. The auto mechanic will need to see your maintenance records before working on your car. This will help them assess the process go more precisely.

Test drive your car before paying for its repairs.

Make sure that you are receiving OEM parts. These means they are parts come from the manufacturer. While generics are much cheaper, you’ll never know how good the quality is. It may cost you more in the amount later as OEM components to begin with.

Keep a spare tire and jack with you all the time. Many newer cars have these. You don’t need to be stuck out in the road and be forced to spend money on a lot for towing. It’s cheaper and easier to do on your own.

Assemble a DIY auto repair tool kit and put it inside of your car. Your car came with equipment needed for changing a tire and other necessary items. A lug wrench and jack are key. You should probably get a Phillips and flat head screwdriver and several types of wrenches.

Speak with friends and family about auto repairs done for some good ideas. They have used mechanics before and can help point you in the right direction if so. You should still do your research on the person they tell you about. Check online reviews about the shop in question.

Be sure you make a note of your oil needs changing. You have to change it regularly get the oil changed to make sure your vehicle runs smoothly. If you don’t change it, your car may not last as long as it could.

Some shops may replace your tired with older ones. They sell your tires and make a profit off of those who do not know enough to check. Mark your tires before taking your car to an auto shop. If the chalk isn’t there, question the shop about what happened.

OEM is the Original Equipment Manufacturer. Remember this when replacing parts replaced. You sound like a knowledgeable person on repairs if you ask your mechanic to use OEM parts. This will lower your chances of getting used components in your vehicle.

If you want to know how to diagnose problems with your vehicle, you can’t recognize if something is going wrong. You might even consider taking a class on auto repair if you are unfamiliar with automobile basics. This is why it’s a good idea to look for problems and address them before they get serious so your car which will help it last longer.

Always ask plenty of questions when speaking with a mechanic. How long does the repair take? What type of work are they doing for you? How much are the cost of the parts? Ask about anything and everything that concerns you about the work being done.

If a mechanic has always done good work for you, make sure to go to them for all your car troubles. You will get discounts because you are loyal.

Put your car on a jack stands if you’re storing it.

Ask any of your friends or family if they know to recommend a good auto-repair service in the local area. This is a great way to locate services because the person’s skills have been recommended by a superb mechanic who has proven their capabilities. This is better than giving your vehicle with mechanics who have no recommendations from trusted individuals.

This will help keep your car safe from mud and dirt. These are a big help during winter seasons or difficult weather patterns.

When your car gets washed, set mats outside and hose them a couple times. Dirt particles can get lodged in the rubber and cause holes to appear. Holes look good and allow the dirt to have a clear path to the carpet beneath.

Determine whether you wish to service cars by the dealership or at a stand-alone shop. Independent garages may cost less, but you could hire a company that’s dishonest.

Don’t fear asking questions when you need to ask a question about car repairs. Any company will be happy to answer all of your questions.

You may not see anything wrong with the vehicle, but it doesn’t hurt to have someone look at it for you. If nothing is wrong, you may need to have a look at your cars dashboard computer.

If a mechanic is trying to convince you that your car requires more work than is recommended by your owners manual, politely let them know that you would rather follow the guide. This can help you save a lot on repairs that are not really necessary.

Familiarize yourself with the various types of mechanic certifications. If you can, try to locate an auto technician that is certified by your state and the A.S.E.

Don’t think that convenience is unnecessary when deciding which repair shop to choose. Some garages or dealerships offer free shuttle services that will take you home after dropping your car off and picking you up when they are done.

Having car trouble doesn’t always have to be a majorly expensive or stress inducing event. Learn how to fix a few things yourself so you do not have to go see a mechanic every time you encounter a minor problem. Keep this information in mind when your car acts up again. If you have any trouble in your car click here.

The Best Places To Find Used Cars

Buying a used car is a popular option for those who would like to save on costs and avoid the rapid depreciation seen when purchasing a brand new car. There are several places where you can buy a used car and checking your options can help you get a good deal and save money. To determine where you should buy your car, think about your priorities. If you have a limited budget, then consider buying from auctions or private sellers. But if you would like the used car to have a warranty and a clear title, then buying from a car dealership may be the best choice for you. In this article, we discuss the places where you can find a used car that will fit your needs and specifications. Use our quality car detailing products to retain the luster and health of your paint.

Private sellers

Many used car buyers who are looking for rare car models or for a cheaper price can opt to buy from a private seller. Buying from a private seller can also allow you to meet the previous owner and obtain the car’s history. The seller might also allow you to take the car for an inspection and test drive. However, private sellers are less regulated. They provide no guarantee of a clear title, which means the buyer has no protection under law if the used car turns out to be stolen or if it has major mechanical problems. Private sellers also do not provide warranty for the used car. It might be cheaper to purchase privately but it also comes with high risks.

If you choose to buy a used car from a private seller, make sure to check the registration certificate and the seller’s driver’s license to identify if the seller is the owner of the vehicle. Also, check that the vehicle identification number or VIN, engine number and other details match the details on the registration certificate. To ensure that the car is not stolen, request your local police station to do a background check and provide them the VIN number, registration number and engine number of the vehicle. Finally, to make sure that the used car is in good condition, ask a qualified mechanic to inspect the vehicle.


Attending a used car auction is another great way to find a wide range of car makes and models being sold at a cheaper price. Auctioneers are also required to give buyers a clear title and a REVS certificate, which ensures there is no money owing on the vehicle sold. However, buying a used car from an auction has risks. There is no assurance if the car being auctioned is still in good condition as you cannot thoroughly inspect or test-drive it before purchasing. Auction houses also do not provide warranty for the vehicle.

If you are planning to buy a used car from an auction house, attend a few auctions first so you can observe and get a feel of how it works. It can also help to take someone knowledgeable about cars with you as they can help you make smart choices on which vehicle is a worthwhile investment. Do your research before making your bid so you know what the fair price is for the car model you want. Set your maximum price and do not go over it.

Brokers and wholesalers

If you have a particular make and model in mind but have no time to do the legwork of finding a high quality used car with your specifications, then contact a used car broker. Brokers can do the time consuming task of finding an appropriate car for you, usually by going through dealerships to find the car you have specified. They then charge a commission on the sale of the car.

Wholesalers provide an alternative channel to buying used cars. Like brokers, wholesalers can reduce the legwork of finding the right used car for you. However, buying from wholesalers does not necessarily mean that you will get a wholesale price. Their prices are usually the same as the prices of used cars in dealerships.


Buying from a used car dealership may be more expensive than buying privately or from an auction, but you will get greater protection under the law as dealers are licensed and required to operate under strict regulations. They will provide a guarantee of a clear title and statutory warranty for the car sold. They also provide a one-day cooling period wherein you can take the car for a test drive or for an inspection by a third-party mechanic. This gives you the opportunity to thoroughly check if the used car is still in good condition. A car dealership also provides a wide range of vehicles so you have plenty of options on which used car to purchase.

Buying from a car dealership will require you to sign a legally binding sales contract. Read the contract thoroughly and make sure that you understand all terms, including the fine print. If anything is unclear to you, ask for legal advice or discuss it with the dealer before signing the contract.

Some final words

If you are just starting your search for the right used car, it can help to search online. There are many websites today that advertise and sell cars. You can browse and research on various makes and models without the pressure to buy immediately. Used cars for sale are also advertised through the local paper. Wherever you choose to buy your car from, make sure you are completely satisfied with your purchase. Keep in mind that if you are not happy with a particular used car or if you doubt its condition, then do not buy it. Click here to get started contacting our detailers.

This article was written by Tom Jerrat for Jupiter Motors. Jupiter Motors is one of Australia’s leading regional car dealerships located in Wagga Wagga, NSW. We provide a comprehensive selection of new Subaru, new Mazda, and high quality Wagga used cars. For more information, visit

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